The lids of a few of these chests were hinged, but mostly the cover was completely removed when the chest was opened.
Flanges or pegs glued to the lids and inserted into appropriate holes in the chests' walls kept them in place.
The deceased is referred to as "He of the made bed", while the woman being impregnated is "She of the head rest", i.e. were mostly made of wood, but a few stone tables have also been found and some were made of metal.
Their use does not seem to have been widespread, apart from their being placed in tombs as offering tables.
The legs, at first shaped like cattle legs and later more and more like lion paws, were of unequal length, the bed sloping slightly from head towards the foot end, where there often was a foot support.
Beds were at times decorated with images of protective household deities such as Bes or Taweret.
The majority of Egyptians did not have many belongings that had to be hidden away, so a chest or two or a few baskets would furnish plenty of storing space. Even scribes, more affluent than the average Egyptian, did not write their scrolls sitting at a table, but generally squatted on the floor, holding a wooden board, on which the papyrus was spread, with one hand and writing with the other.
The rich kept their utensils and jewellery in storage chests made from alabaster, wood and other materials, sometimes painted or otherwise embellished, like the decorated chest from Tutankhamen's tomb on the right depicting the king riding in a chariot.In the tale Truth and Falsehood, Truth's son, after growing up, found his father, honoured him by offering him a seat, food and drink, and decided to take revenge on Falsehood who had caused Truth to be blinded. A few words concerning transliteration and pronunciation of ancient Egyptian. The Instructions of Dua-Khety  Most Mediterranean peoples used olive oil for illumination. UC8612 on the Petrie Museum web site: Old Kingdom pottery headrest  Szpakowska 2007 p.164  Lichtheim 1973, p.160  Lichtheim 1973, p.65  Hartwig Altenmüller, Die Fahrt der Hathor nach Edfu und die "Heilige Hochzeit" in Clarysse & Quaegebeur 1998, p.762  Lexikon der Ägyptologie, vol. Bibliography: Hartwig Altenmüller, Studien zur altagyptischen Kultur BD.29. Diodorus Siculus (1st century BCE) reports:  Altenmüller 2001, p.64  cf. UC16065 on the Petrie Museum web site: New Kingdom wooden head-rest with figures of Bes holding serpents on its base. Incense was put on the brazier; ointment was brought to him of the kind provided for Pharaoh.
The average Egyptian family did not have many possessions which were not in daily use, but the little there was had to be put away. They may not have kept rodents at bay for long, but they were cheap to make and light to carry.From the III Dynasty onwards lion paws (and sometimes whole stylized lions) were more popular (see the stool leg on the right).The walls were mostly just painted white or yellow, at times decorated with painted frescoes, or hung with ornamental textiles or mats.They were much lower than today's chairs, with their seats sometimes only 25 cm high.