Updating a psp
Nobody of any significance ever claimed that that law was unconstitutional.
NSA warrantless surveillance (also commonly referred to as "warrantless-wiretapping" or "-wiretaps") refers to the surveillance of persons within the United States, including United States citizens, during the collection of notionally foreign intelligence by the National Security Agency (NSA) as part of the Terrorist Surveillance Program.During the Barack Obama Administration, the NSA allegedly continued surveilling without warrants despite campaign promises to end the practice. The complete details of the executive order are not public, but according to administration statements, the authorization covers communication originating overseas from or to a person suspected of having links to terrorist organizations or their affiliates even when the other party to the call is within the US.In April 2009 officials at the United States Department of Justice acknowledged that the NSA had engaged in "overcollection" of domestic communications in excess of the FISC's authority, but claimed that the acts were unintentional and had since been rectified. In October 2001, Congress passed the Patriot Act, which granted the administration broad powers to fight terrorism.A week after the 9/11 attacks, Congress passed the Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Terrorists (AUMF), which inaugurated the "War on Terror". The Bush administration used these powers to bypass the FISC and directed the NSA to spy directly on al-Qaeda via a new NSA electronic surveillance program. This act was challenged by multiple groups, including Congress, as unconstitutional.
It later featured heavily in arguments over the NSA program. Reports at the time indicate that an "apparently accidental" "glitch" resulted in the interception of communications that were between two U. The precise scope of the program remains secret, but the NSA was provided total, unsupervised access to all fiber-optic communications between the nation's largest telecommunication companies' major interconnected locations, encompassing phone conversations, email, Internet activity, text messages and corporate private network traffic.
First, while we assume that the AUMF activated the President's war powers, see Hamdi v. Mc Connell argued that the companies deserved immunity for their help: "Now if you play out the suits at the value they're claimed, it would bankrupt these companies." In a related legal development, on October 13, 2007, Joseph P.